La Grece continentale et le Peloponnese


 

 

 

La Grece continentale et le Peloponnese

 

Voyager en Grece, c’est aller a la rencontre de mythes, en decouvrant les prestigieux monuments dont les noms sont dans nos memoires depuis notre enfance. Mycenes et Agamemnon, les tragedies antiques au Theatre d’Epidaure, Corinthe ou precha Saint Paul, Delphes sanctuaire d’Apollon, nombril du monde et la Pythie. Olympie et Athenes ou naquirent nos ideaux de paix et democratie. Mystra et les Meteores reveillent le souvenir des splendeurs de l’Empire Byzantin. Une Grece pittoresque qui se revele au hasard : de belles plages pour la detente, le bain dans une mer bleue et douce, des petites tavernes pour un repas aux saveurs mediterraneennes, l’hospitalite de la population.

 

NAUPLIE

Nafplio ou Nauplie est une petite ville magnifiquement situee au fond du golfe d'Argolide dans une region plantee d'arbres fruitiers, notamment des abricotiers. La premiere capitale de l'Etat grec moderne, Nauplie est aujourd'hui un bon point de depart pour visiter les sites archeologiques d'Epidaure, Tirynthe, Mycenes et Corinthe. Les belles plages de Karathona, Tholo, Porto Heli, Hydra Beach rendent le sejour encore plus agreable.

 

 

KALAMATA

Kalamata est une ville de Grece situee dans le sud du Peloponnese. Situee au fond du Golfe de Messenie, au pied du Taygete, elle est la deuxieme plus grande ville de la peninsule.

Kalamata est un port industriel au c?ur de plantations d'agrumes. Ses principales exportations sont ses olives et des figues seches.

La ville fut presque detruite completement par un tremblement de terre le 14 septembre 1986. Elle a ete reconstruite a l'identique.

 

 

OLYMPIE

Dans l'Antiquite, c'est la que les habitants celebraient tous les quatre ans les Jeux Olympiques. Le site est compose exclusivement de ruines. En plus du temple construit pour Zeus qui est le temple le plus connu du site, il reste toutes les structures sportives antiques.

 Aller a Olympie, c'est faire un bond de presque 2800 ans dans le temps puisque la premiere edition des Jeux s'est deroulee en 776 avant J-C. A l'epoque, seuls les hommes etaient autorises a y participer, c'est pourquoi ils devaient se presenter nus afin que les femmes ne puissent pas tromper les juges. Au debut, les epreuves n'etaient que des epreuves de force et d'endurance (course a pieds, en armes, lutte, pentathlon, course de chars dans l'hippodrome, etc), mais elles se sont elaborees apres. C'est pour cela que demeurent aujourd'hui les ruines du stade, dont la longueur mesure exactement 192.27m, de l'hippodrome, et de la palestre, lieu ou se deroulaient les epreuves de lutte.


 Les millions de visiteurs qui font le deplacement chaque annee a Olympie se plongent dans une ambiance bien particuliere. En effet, comment imaginer que les Grecs n'avaient que la gloire et une modeste couronne de branches d'oliver a remporter, bien loin des interets financiers d'aujourd'hui ?

 

GYTHION

 

Ancien port de Sparte, Gythion est situe a 43 km au sud de cette derniere. La construction recente d'une route de contournement a permis de diminuer le trafic routier, laissant desormais un peu plus de quietude aux touristes en goguette. Toute la ville est concentree sur la petite place ou se trouve la police maritime. Tres vivant et anime le soir.

 

 

 

A scenic slice of Greece

The Olympia Coast winds along the west of mainland Greece. It’s a completely unspoiled corner of the country, defined by deep valleys, soaring mountain ranges and fields of cypress trees. Even the beaches are largely undeveloped – hotels in the main resorts, like Killini and Lakkopetra, line up behind quiet crescents of sand that melt into the Ionian Sea.

Olympic history

The Olympic Coast is often talked about as being the mythical heart of Greece. The landscape is scattered with castles and temples that inspire animated tales of nymphs and maidens. Most notably, the Olympia Coast is home to the ancient site of Olympia, where the Mo Farrahs of ancient Greece competed to honour Zeus, ruler of all the Gods.

Further afield

erry ride will get you to Zante, renowned for its loggerhead turtles and lively nightlife. Plus, you can tick Greece’s capital off your list – it’s less than a 3 hour drive to Athens from here.


In the western Peloponnese, in the "Valley of Gods", lies the most celebrated sanctuary of ancient Greece, and the birthplace of the most important athletic mega-event of all times; the Olympic Games. Olympia is one of the most well known tourist destinations in Greece, and one of the most powerful brand names worldwide.
Epidavros (/??p??d?r?s/; Ancient Greek: ?πίδαυρος, Epidauros) was a small city (polis) in ancient Greece, at the Saronic Gulf. Two modern towns bear the name Epidavros
Monemvassia is the Gibraltar of Greece, the giant rock cliffs rising out of the Aegean greeting visitors with its majesty. The island seems to be docked like a ship, ready to sail for far off lands. The town is a popular holiday destination for the Greeks. A causeway from Gerfyra on the mainland of the Peloponnese gives access to this medieval town. The road doesn’t give up its secrets until the very end of your journey, when from the end of the causeway a curve in the road suddenly turns into this delightful town nestled at the base of the vast cliffs.
Mystras is a Byzantine wonder at the base of Mount Taygetos in the Pelopennese, a town with a long and amazing history, now documented in the ruins of the town. It is now one of Greece’s most important archaeological and historical sites. The town is a site worthy of a day to ponder the ruins and take in the whole site.
Mani is the name given to the middle "finger" or peninsula of the southern Peloponnese, a part of Greece that is rarely visited by tourists. Known as a dry and treeless region, its sparse beauty surprises many when the wildflowers that spring from the rocky terrain in the spring are remarkable.
Nafplio has much to recommend it, being a charming seaside town, near many of the Peloponnese’s major archaeological sites and an important role in Greece’s history. Napflio was the first capital of Greece, its strategic role evident by the three fortresses built around the city. Evidence that city was overtaken by the Venetians is apparent, their occupation obvious by the houses that grace the old city’s meandering streets.
Argolis or the Argolid (Greek: Αργολίδα Argolida, [ar?o?li?a]; ?ργολίς Argolis in ancient Greek and Katharevousa) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Peloponnese, situated in the eastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula and part of the tripoint area of Argolis, Arcadia and Corinthia.
Achaia, the prefecture at the top of the Peloponnese has much to offer the modern tourist. The local population frequent the region as a holiday destination, but it often goes unvisited by foreign tourists. The region offers tourists a different side of Greece. The mountains and countryside of the region is harsh but beautiful. The locals as some of the best in the country know the beaches. As is often the case, these places are found when you are not really looking for them.
The Prefecture of Ilia is mostly flat land and the valley of Ilia is the largest in Peloponnesus. The climate is mild and warm with a relatively high percentage of rain. It is know for its numerous therapeutic springs, beautiful beaches, rich flora and fauna as well as remarkable ecosystems.
Messinia is an area of Greece often missed by tourists. At the South West corner of the Peloponnese, it has the benefit of being away from the normal tourist haunts. It’s a place where you can enjoy the history and culture of the nation without having to share it with the throng. A place to relax, eat and explore the best of what Greece has to offer without the crowds.
Arcadia (Greek: Αρκαδία - Arkadia) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the administrative region ofPeloponnese. It is situated in the central and eastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula.
Laconia (Greek: Λακωνία), also known as Lacedaemonia, is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of theregion of Peloponnese.
Corinth lies at the top of the Peloponnese joining the Peloponnesian peninsula with the Greek mainland. Historically it is one of the most important places in Greece as well as being home to the country’s most important engineering site, the Corinthian Canal. Modern Corinth is the administrative capital of the Corinthian prefecture. As a place to visit, it is often overlooked, as it is a modern city, routinely rebuilt after a number of large earthquakes. Practically destroyed in earthquakes in 1858 and 1928, and again in1981 earthquakes caused more damage. Due to the regular rebuilding, the town lacks the historical elegance of other towns in the region.









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